there are two words for literary , film, or art criticism (both words can mean harsh judgement but not necessairly so)
批評する：ひひょうする： review of one specific performance (showbiz event, exhibition, play, etc.) More commonly used as a verb.
評論：ひょうろん； critique of an entire genre. More often literary (novels, ) Usually used as a noun.
........................ there are two words for finding fault with someone;
批判: ひはん： broad meaning. to criticize something for a reason. Usually about people but can be used about books, movies, bad TV, etc.
非難 ：ひなん： to just criticise someone for no reason, to nag or yell.